Imakethe ye-Neodymium izofinyelela ku-US$3.4 billion ngo-2028

Ngokocwaningo olwenziwe yimibiko yabezindaba baseMelika, ngonyaka ka-2028, imakethe yomhlaba wonke ye-neodymium kulindeleke ukuthi ifinyelele kuma-dollar ayizigidi eziyizinkulungwane ezingama-3.39.Kulindeleke ukuthi ikhule ngesilinganiso sokukhula sonyaka esiyinhlanganisela sika-5.3% ukusuka ngo-2021 kuya ku-2028. Isidingo semikhiqizo kagesi neye-elekthronikhi kulindeleke ukuthi ibe nomthelela ekukhuleni kwesikhathi eside kwemakethe.

Ozibuthe be-Neodymium basetshenziswa emikhiqizweni ehlukahlukene yabathengi neyezimoto.Imikhiqizo enjengama-inverter ama-air conditioner, imishini yokuwasha nezomisi, iziqandisi, amakhompyutha aphathekayo, amakhompyutha, nezinsimbi zomsindo ezihlukahlukene zonke zidinga omazibuthe baphakade ukuze basebenze.Isibalo sabantu abasafufusa besigaba esiphakathi singaqhuba isidingo sale mikhiqizo, ngaleyo ndlela sizuze ukukhula kwemakethe.

Imboni yezokunakekelwa kwempilo kulindeleke ukuthi inikeze abahlinzeki bezimakethe imigudu emisha yokuthengisa.Izikena ze-MRI nezinye izinto zokusebenza zezokwelapha zidinga izinto ze-neodymium ukuze kuzuzwe.Lesi sidingo kungenzeka sibuswe amazwe ase-Asia-Pacific njengeChina.Kulindeleke ukuthi isabelo se-neodymium esisetshenziswa emkhakheni wezokunakekelwa kwempilo yaseYurophu sizokwehla eminyakeni embalwa ezayo.

Ngokwemali engenayo kusukela ngo-2021 kuya ku-2028, umkhakha wokusebenzisa amandla omoya uzoqopha izinga lokukhula elikhula ngokushesha elihlanganisiwe lonyaka elingu-5.6%.Utshalomali lukahulumeni kanye nezizimele ukuze kuthuthukiswe ukufakwa kwamandla avuselelekayo afakwe amandla kungase kuhlale kuyisici esibalulekile sokukhula komkhakha.Isibonelo, utshalomali oluqondile lwase-India lwangaphandle kumandla avuselelekayo lukhuphuke lusuka ku-US$1.2 billion ngo-2017-18 lwaya ku-US$1.44 billion ngo-2018-19.

Izinkampani eziningi nabacwaningi basebenza ngenkuthalo ekuthuthukiseni ubuchwepheshe bokubuyisela kabusha i-neodymium.Izindleko zamanje ziphezulu, futhi ingqalasizinda yokuphinda igaywe kabusha le nto ebalulekile isesigabeni sokuthuthuka.Izakhi eziningi ezingavamile, ezihlanganisa i-neodymium, zimoshwa ngendlela yothuli nezingxenyana ezisansimbi.Njengoba izakhi zomhlaba ezingavamile zenza ingxenye encane yezinto ezisetshenziswa yi-e-waste kuphela, uma ukugaywa kabusha kuyadingeka, abacwaningi badinga ukuthola umnotho wesilinganiso.

Ihlukaniswe ngohlelo lokusebenza, isabelo sevolumu yokuthengisa kamagnet ngo-2020 sizoba sikhulu, sidlule ama-65.0%.Isidingo kule ndawo singase sibuswe yizimboni zezimoto, zamandla omoya kanye namatheminali kagesi.

Mayelana nezicelo zokusetshenziswa kokuphela, umkhakha wezimoto uzobusa imakethe ngesabelo semali esingaphezu kuka-55.0% ngo-2020. Isidingo sikamazibuthe unomphela ezimotweni zendabuko nezikagesi kuqhuba ukukhula kwemakethe.Ukuthandwa okwandayo kwezimoto zikagesi kulindeleke ukuthi kuhlale kungumfutho oyinhloko wokushayela kule ngxenye.

Ingxenye yokugcina yokusetshenziswa kwamandla omoya kulindeleke ukuthi ibone ukukhula okusheshayo phakathi kokulindelwe.Ukugxila emhlabeni wonke kumandla avuselelekayo kulindeleke ukuthi kukhuthaze ukwanda komkhakha wamandla omoya.

Isifunda sase-Asia-Pacific sinesabelo esikhulu semali engenayo ngo-2020 futhi kulindeleke ukuthi sikhule ngokushesha kakhulu ngesikhathi sokubikezela.Ukwanda kokukhiqizwa kazibuthe unomphela, okuhambisana nezimboni ezikhulayo eChina, Japan naseNdiya, kulindeleke ukuthi kusize imakethe yesifunda ikhule ngesikhathi sokubikezela.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Jan-10-2022

Sesha imikhiqizo oyidingayo

Njengamanje, ingakhiqiza odonsa be-NdFeB bamabanga ahlukahlukene njenge-N35-N55, 30H-48H, 30M-54M, 30SH-52SH, 28UH-48UH, 28EH-40EH.